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FSSAI License category: You should apply for your food business

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FSSAI License category: You should apply for your food business

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2021-03-09         Imprimatur

Any person who is involved in food business in India has to mandatorily apply for an FSSAI license as per the FSSAI Regulation 2011. Depending on the type of business, the Government has several thresholds prescribed; crossing which, there is an absolute need to apply for the FSSAI Food License. The set thresholds are on the basis of turnover, production, installed capacity, star rating, vehicles possessed for food transport, etc. Irrespective of whether the individual is the owner of a commercial unit or a home-based food supplier, whether the mode is online or offline, the scope is very wide. It covers all food service providers which include hotels, restaurants or boarding houses, clubs serving food, canteens at commercial places and educational institutions, catering service providers, food vendors, persons dealing with organic products, etc.

Basic registration under FSSAI:

A basic FSSAI license has to be procured by individuals operating in the food space who have an annual turnover of up to INR 12 lakhs. FSSAI license is required for following food related business categories such as:

  • Sweet shop
  • General store
  • Nankeen bhandar
  • Cake shop
  • Dairy shop
  • Juice shop
  • Fast food
  • Restaurant
  • Take away
  • Dhaba
  • Tiffin services
  • Tea shop
  • Momos/Chinese food

All businesses in the food spectrum, whether manufacturers, retailers, storage and transporters, distributors will require this license, such as:

  • All manufacturers of food, including petty hawkers, vendors, street stall owners
  • A small-scale or cottage or other industry relating to food businesses with an annual turnover of up to INR 12 lakhs and whose:
  • The production capacity of food (other than milk and milk products and meat and meat products) does not exceed 100 kg/litres per day or
  • Procurement or handling and collection of milk is up to 500 litres of milk per day or
  • Slaughtering capacity is 2 large animals or 10 small animals or 50 poultry birds per day or less.
  • Decoding the state license
  • For those businesses that have a turnover of more than INR 12 lakhs but less than 20 crores, a State License is required.

While each state is empowered to fix its own fee, in Delhi, the fee for obtaining a new license is as follows:

Manufacturer/Miller

Fees(Rs/Year)

About 1MT per day Production

Rs. 5000

10,001 to 50,000 LPD of milk or 501 to 2500 MT of milk solids per annum

Rs. 5000

Below 1MT of production

Rs. 3000

501 to 10,000 LPD of milk or 2.5MT to 500 MT of milk solids per annum

Rs. 3000

Hotels upto 4 Star

Rs. 5000

All food Service providers including restaurants/boarding houses,clubs,etc. Serving food,Canteens (Schools,Colleges, Office, Institutions),Caterers,Banquet halls with food catering arrangements, food vendors like dabbawallas & other food Business Operator

Rs. 2000

The trigger limits for obtaining the State license for some of the popular businesses are as follows:

  • Dairy Production & chilling business: Up to 500 LPD of milk or 2500 MT of milk solids per year
  • Slaughtering units: 2-50 Large Animals, 10-150 Small Animals, 50-1000 Poultry birds
  • Meat processing: Up to 500 kg a day
  • Vegetable oil processing: Up to 2 MT a day and over INR 12 lacs annual turnover.
  • Cold storage capacity: Up to 1000 MT
  • Wholesale turnover of up to 30 crores
  • Retailer and distributor turnover of up to 20 crores
  • Restaurant turnover of up to 20 crores
  • Three-star hotels (below five stars) having turnover more than 12 lakhs.
  • Decoding the central license:
  • Businesses having a turnover above INR 20 crores should apply for a FSSAI central license. This fee is capped at INR 7,500 per year for both new licenses as well as renewals. The license is issued for a maximum period of five years.
  • The trigger limits for obtaining the central license for some of the popular businesses are as follows:
  • All proprietary foods
  • All importers
  • Dairy production & chilling business: More than 50,000 litres of liquid milk or 2500 MT of milk solids per year
  • Slaughtering units: More than 50 large Animals, More than 150 small animals, More than 1000 poultry birds
  • Meat processing: More than 500 kg a day
  • Vegetable oil processing: More than 2 MT a day and over INR 12 lakhs annual turnover.
  • Cold storage capacity: More than 1000 MT
  • Wholesale turnover greater than 30 crores
  • Retailer and distributor turnover of greater than 20 crores
  • Restaurant turnover of more than 20 crores
  • Five star and above hotels
  • Food catering in defence
  • Food catering in units under the Central Government agencies like air, airport etc.
  • Food operators operating in more than one state

Decoding the state license

For those businesses that have a turnover of more than INR 12 lakhs but less than 20 crores, a State License is required.

The trigger limits for obtaining the State license for some of the popular businesses are as follows:

  • Dairy Production & chilling business: Up to 500 LPD of milk or 2500 MT of milk solids per year
  • Slaughtering units: 2-50 Large Animals, 10-150 Small Animals, 50-1000 Poultry birds
  • Meat processing: Up to 500 kg a day
  • Vegetable oil processing: Up to 2 MT a day and over INR 12 lacs annual turnover.
  • Cold storage capacity: Up to 1000 MT
  • Wholesale turnover of up to 30 crores
  • Retailer and distributor turnover of up to 20 crores
  • Restaurant turnover of up to 20 crores
  • Three-star hotels (below five stars) having turnover more than 12 lakhs.
  • Decoding the central license:
  • Businesses having a turnover above INR 20 crores should apply for a central license. This fee is capped at INR 7,500 per year for both new licenses as well as renewals. The license is issued for a maximum period of five years.
  • The trigger limits for obtaining the central license for some of the popular businesses are as follows:
  • All proprietary foods
  • All importers
  • Dairy production & chilling business: More than 50,000 litres of liquid milk or 2500 MT of milk solids per year
  • Slaughtering units: More than 50 large Animals, More than 150 small animals, More than 1000 poultry birds
  • Meat processing: More than 500 kg a day
  • Vegetable oil processing: More than 2 MT a day and over INR 12 lakhs annual turnover.
  • Cold storage capacity: More than 1000 MT
  • Wholesale turnover greater than 30 crores
  • Retailer and distributor turnover of greater than 20 crores
  • Restaurant turnover of more than 20 crores
  • Five star and above hotels
  • Food catering License in defense
  • Food catering in units under the Central Government agencies like air, airport etc.
  • Food operators operating in more than one state

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