FSSAI (FOOD LICENSE)
FSSAI Full-Form Stands for Food Safety and Standards Authority of India which is an independent body developed under the Indian Government’s Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
Definition of FSSAI
FSSAI is a body in charge of licensing food organizations throughout India. FSSAI is responsible for guaranteeing that these food organizations are operating under the proper accreditation and quality check. They are also expected to adhere to the laid down guidelines provided by FSSAI. The responsibility of FSSAI is to create the standards, controls and principles for the general wellbeing of food organizations throughout India.
FSSAI REGISTRATION PROCESS (FOOD LICENSE)
FSSAI Full-Form Stands for Food Safety and Standards Authority of India which is an independent body developed under the Indian Government’s Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. FSSAI was created with respect to the Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006 which is a combined regulation that is related to food welfare and policies in India. This is a body that controls and regulates the food business throughout India. The function of the FSSAI License is to promote and protect public health through the control and monitoring of food safety. FSSAI Registration or FSSAI License is compulsory for any food business startup. The FSSAI Registration is mandatory for all organizations related to food such as producers, restaurants, small scale eateries, traders, grocery shop, retailers, food processors, dairy farms, E-tailers that are having any food-related dealings should get the 14 digit registration number or a food licensing number that must be visible on all food packages or in the business premises. The 14 digit license number from FSSAI provides information on the permit of the producer or subtle elements, as well as packaging condition.
Types of FSSAI Food Licenses in India
Food Safety and Standards Authority of India, FSSAI issues three different types of food licenses in India:
Basic FSSAI Registration
The petty and small-sized food business operators like manufacturers, transporters, storage units, distributer, marketers, retailers, etc. are required to acquire a Basic FSSAI Registration which is issued by the State Government for a minimum period of one year and a maximum of 5 years. It is mostly for the units having an annual turnover of less than 12 lakh. The rest depends on the eligibility, the FBO can thus fall under either the State FSSAI License or the Basic Registration.
State FSSAI License
The authority has guided the food business operators, having an annual turnover of more than 12 lakh, like small to medium-sized manufacturers, storage units, transporters, marketers, retailers, distributors, etc to obtain the State FSSAI License. It is issued by the respective State Government having a minimum validity of one year and the maximum of 5 yrs.
Central FSSAI License
Food business operators who have a turnover greater than 20 crores like large manufacturers, 100% export oriented units, importers, operators in the Central Government agencies, airports, seaports, etc are enforced to obtain a Central Food License issued by the Central Government. Also, the FBO’s are directed to obtain the Central License for their head office and if they operate in more than one state. The minimum tenure of this license is one year and the maximum is 5 years.
FSSAI Registration (FSSAI License)
The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) is a legal authority that offers a food license to all food business operators (FBO) in India. All the FBOs must follow all the rules and regulations of FSSAI for food quality control.
An FBO requires a FSSAI License or Registration and it all depends upon certain factors like the size of production, managing nature of food business activities, and range of operations. In the FSSAI Registration process, the FBO will get a 14 digit number that needs to be printed on food packages.
FSSAI Registration ensures the security of food products and it is essentially a food safety certificate circulated by the food authority in India. All the manufacturers, traders, restaurants, grocery shops, importers and exporters, etc. are eligible for issuing a FSSAI Licence. FSSAI Licensing assures that food products undergo specific quality checks, thereby decreasing the cases of adulteration, substandard products.
We provide FSSAI online registration and licenses all over India. We can help you to get a FSSAI License which can enhance the quality of your food if you are interested in the food business in Delhi.
Benefits of applying for FSSAI Registration
All FBOs must know that a FSSAI Licence adds the benefit of a reliable & loyal customer base.
FSSAI Registration is done under the regulatory body FSSAI, and legal action can be taken for any non- compliance.
FSSAI logo is a mark of validity and an assurance to your consumers that the food is safe to consume.
The goodwill of the Food Safety Management Systems (FSMS) will make a business available and effortless to expand.
What are the roles and responsibilities of the FSSAI?
They handle a lot of smaller tasks throughout the country, but their most significant roles are:
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Documents required for FSSAI Registration Process
Be it a food safety management registration or production license, there are some documents that should be submitted along with the FSSAI online application. Listed below are the mandatory paperwork for each type of FSSAI registration:
Who requires a Food License?
Every Food Business Operator is required to be licensed/ registered under the FSSAI. FSSAI Registration is required by small businesses like hawkers, petty retailers, etc whose annual turnover is less than Rs.12 lakhs per year. All food businesses exceeding this annual turnover limit of Rs 12 lakhs per year require a FSSAI License.
Whether you are a small scale or large scale business, you need to obtain FSSAI State License or FSSAI Central License, according to your requirement. Usually, large manufacturers, exporters, importers, etc obtain Central Licence while mid-sized entities like transporters, traders, etc need State Licence.
If your business falls in any one of the below-listed categories, then a food license is mandatory for you.
To be more elaborate, any individual or a company that operates with food substances from farm to plate must obtain the FSSAI food license. A more detailed list of those who require FSSAI registration Certificate is here:
FSSAI license types in India
According to the FSSAI Act, 2006 all food businesses are required to be registered/ licensed:
FSSAI registration: This is the primary kind of food license and it is issued for:
Businesses those are small in turnover – 12 Lakh INR approximately
FBO that is at the budding stage like a dairy with a capacity of less than 500 liter/day.
Trades like tea shops, canteens, food processors and small warehouses ideally require this licence. It can be upgraded when the business begins to expand in capacity and profit.
The State Licence: Companies that have a profit greater than 12 lakhs and less than 20 Crores INR require the state license. Some examples are:
Dairies with a capacity of over 50,000 litres/ day
Hotels with a 3-star rating and above
An exception here is the catering business. Irrespective of their turnover, they have to apply for a state license and not a basic FSSAI license.
The Central License: The above to licenses were for small and mid-sized trades. The central registration is for bigger businesses. It is issued to:
Non-compliance with FSSAI regulations
Non-compliance with the FSSAI regulations can prove to be costly. Production and distribution of food products without the FSSAI registration or license will incur a severe penalty and may cause risk to your brand reputation.
Food inspections will be conducted by Food Safety Officers and compliance levels will be granted for the food business. Compliance will be graded as below -
In accordance with the above markings, the Food Safety Officer might issue an improvement notice. The officer might also cancel the license if the standards are not maintained even after warnings.
In addition to this, if the FBO is not satisfied with the Food Safety Officer’s improvement notice, they can appeal to the State Commissioner of Food Safety. Their decisions can also put to a challenge via an appeal towards Food Safety Appellate Tribunal / High Court.
Benefits of Acquiring FSSAI License:
FSSAI license and registration help businesses in the following ways:
FSSAI license validity:
FSSAI license rules are hard and fast. FSSAI licenses issued to food businesses are valid for a period of 1 to 5 years. It is mandatory to apply for license renewal 30 days before the expiry of the existing license. Non-renewal of licenses can fetch a fine of Rs.100 per day until the renewal is done. Any lapse in renewal within the stipulated date can result in the old license becoming defunct and businesses will have to apply for a fresh license.
Guidelines to be followed for FSSAI License Number:
Similar to the guidelines for FSSAI license, there are certain rules for FSSAI license numbers.
The FSSAI logo and license number must be displayed clearly on the label of the food package in a color that is in contrast to the background.
If multiple units are involved in the production process, the brand owner’s FSSAI logo and license should be printed on the package with the address of the other units displayed on the label with FSSAI license number.
There is no exemption for imported food products from following the FSSAI guidelines. It is mandatory for the importer’s FSSAI license number, name, address and FSSAI logo to be pre-printed on a label or sticker and affixed to the imported food product before it can be given customs clearance.
It is compulsory that the guidelines given for the height of the letters and numerals of the license number shall remain as prescribed in 2.3.3 of Food Safety and Standards (Packaging and Labelling) Regulation , 2011. Similarly, the Regulation 2.6.1 of the Food Safety and Standards (Packaging and Labelling), 2011, must be applicable to display FSSAI license number and logo.
The FSSAI logo should not be taken as a certification of any kind. It solely denotes that the FBOs’ license is valid under the Food Safety and Standards Act of 2006.
FSSAI Rules and Regulations for the Food Industry and Food Businesses:
The FSSAI registration and license must be on prominent display on the premises of the business affixed with passport size photo of the person under whose name the license is obtained.
It is the responsibility of the food business operator to inform the FSSAI authorities of any change or modification he/she plans to make in the food business.
It is mandatory that at least one person with technical skills is employed by the FBO to supervise the production.
Annual returns for a period extending from 1st April to 31st March of the consecutive year must be promptly filed before the 31st of May of that year.
FSSAI licensees must strictly adhere to the conditions given for food preparation, processing and storage.
Guidelines to modify FSSAI License and FSSAI Registration:
All necessary documents must be duly submitted while applying for a modification approval.
Form C is an important document that must be filled with the necessary criteria to seek approval for changes or modifications in the business. Form C can be used to add a new business to the already existing one, change details like addresses, contact numbers, product names, etc.
Designated officers in the FSSAI department can help with the filing process along with some support from professional liaisons.
The NON-FORM C MODIFICATION is to support all other information and documents.
The FBO must also submit necessary evidence and proof of change along with all the applications. All submitted documents and forms will be subjected to scrutiny by the Designated Officers or DO. Any query or objection raised by the DO, must be answered by the FBO within 30 days along with additional information and documents if necessary.
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